Geospatial Clustering of Registered Sex Offenders in Maryland: An Intersectional Analysis
Terrance Wooten, PhD
CBSR Affiliated Faculty
Building off my three years of ongoing fieldwork in Montgomery County, Maryland, this project challenges the assumption the residency restrictions are a major contributing factor to registered sex offender (RSO) clustering. Further, this research seeks to understand if there is a connection between RSO clustering and sex crimes in a neighborhood, paying particular attention to the racial and gender identities of individuals who have reported sexual violence. Utilizing an intersectional framework that focuses on the role of race, class, gender, and geography, I will examine and map the sex offender registry data of Maryland onto U.S. census tract data using ArcGIS and geocoding. I will examine how or if clustering happens in different geospatial contexts: urban versus suburban versus rural. Moreover, mapping the entire state will allow me to get a better understanding of how race, class, gender, and geography are working, because RSOs have to register the addresses of each county in which they habitually live and/or work. Based on my preliminary analysis of the current sex offender registry for the state, black men are disproportionately represented; I will also be determining if the racialized nature of the sex offender registry is an historical fact or if a shift happened at a specific moment. I will use this research to create a model for understanding these dynamics in Washington, D.C.; Baltimore, Maryland; and Los Angeles, California, my other field sites. From there, I plan to scale up to examine all 50 states.
Recruiting Community-Oriented Police Officers in White Police Departments Serving Black Communities
CBSR Graduate Student Fellow
Dangerous and deadly incidents between police officers and community members have called attention to police practices and officers' relationships with the Black community. Generally, police departments respond by affirming their commitment to community-oriented policing, by emphasizing positive community engagement, but many respond with continued aggression. As such, distrust and aggressive interactions between police and many marginalized communities continue today. This multi-method study investigates these perceptions and behaviors in relation to occupational identity in police departments as these departments implement community-oriented policing programs. First, this study examines recruitment videos produced by departments in areas with predominantly Black populations policed by predominantly white police officers. Preliminary results demonstrate that significant disparities exist in racial representation both between officers and the community, as well as officers featured in the videos comared to the actual racial makeup of the department. Problematically, the videos often are incongruent with the community-oriented policing framework due to an emphasis on aggressive interactions between police officers and community members
Moving Beyond the Institution: Analyzing Barriers to the Retention, Attrition, and Persistence of Underrepresented Minority Faculty at UCSB
Principle Investigator (PI): Sharon Tettegah
Co-Principle Investigator: Terrance Wooten
CBSR Director; CBSR Affiliated Faculty
This project examines how psychosocial factors inform the decisions that underrepresented minority (URM) faculty make about their relationship to UCSB. Utilizing an ecological model that focuses on the interactions between individuals, communities, social structures, and the environment, this proposed research will operate in three phases: (1) an historical analysis of demographic shifts of UCSB since the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; (2) an intersectional analysis of the 2014 Campus Climate Survey data for the campus; and (3) an intersectional examination of retention, attrition, and persistence of URM faculty over the last twenty years through semi-structured interviews.